Anyone sexually active, men and women alike, are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases. STDs, or sexually transmitted diseases, can cause long-term effects that may lead to infertility. They are transmitted through unprotected sex, which may include vaginal, anal or oral intercourse. These infections also spread through sharing IV needles, breastfeeding, or giving birth. If not properly treated, an STD could lead to potential infertility issues. The most common sexually transmitted diseases that affect fertility include Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), Syphilis and Human papillomavirus (HPV).
STDs and infertility:
There is still much research to be done about how exactly these infections cause infertility. These infections often do not cause symptoms and sometimes go years before being diagnosed. STDs can also affect male infertility. Chlamydia, when left untreated, may spread to the testicles from the urethra, causing permanent sterility and disability.
STDs and female infertility concerns:
Most cases of tubal factor infertility (major public health concern worldwide) are attributable to untreated sexually transmitted diseases that ascend along the reproductive tract and are capable of causing tubal inflammation, damage, and scarring.
Proof has reliably exhibited the impacts of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae as pathogenic microscopic organisms engaged with conceptive tract morbidities including tubal factor barrenness and pelvic provocative sickness. There is restricted proof in the restorative writing that other explicitly transmitted living beings, including Mycoplasma genitalium, Trichomonas vaginalis, and different microorganisms inside the vaginal microbiome might be significant components associated with the pathology of barrenness.
STDs causing infertility:
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that can cause infertility. They are also two of the leading causes of preventable infertility around the world. While chlamydia and gonorrhea are easily treated with antibiotics, many people may not realize they have an infection because, of the lack of noticeable symptoms. Unfortunately, the longer the infection is left untreated, the more damage that can be done.
How STD cause infertility?
If left untreated, chlamydia and gonorrhea can spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can lead to inflammation, scarring, and blockage in your reproductive organs, such as your fallopian tubes. Tubal scarring can block the tubes preventing the eggs from traveling to the uterus. Women who have damage to their fallopian tubes are also at risk for ectopic pregnancy.
IVF- In vitro fertilization is an effective form of fertility treatment for women who have had damage to their fallopian tubes due to STDs. During IVF, sperm and egg are combined in the lab to allow for fertilization outside of the body with subsequent transfer of the embryo back into the uterus.
It is important to educate yourself on sexually transmitted diseases and how to avoid any future risks. If you are sexually active, be aware of what sexual behavior can contribute to an infection. By improving our overall health, we’re improving our reproductive health and preventing infertility due to any of these diseases.