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What is ADHD?

Attention deficit disorder (ADHD) is a condition characterized by a spectrum of symptoms that must manifest between the ages of 6 and 12 years. Also, in order for the diagnosis to be made, these symptoms must be present for at least 6 months.

ADHD Symptoms

Symptoms of ADHD

Symptoms of ADHD fall into 3 categories:

Children may present with the following symptoms:
Contstant motion
Regularly fidgets or squirms
Talk Excessively
Not listening when spoken to
Regularly restless
Often loses things
Interrupts conversations or games
Difficulty taking turns
Easily distracted
Problems organizing tasks
Frequently fails to finish tasks
Regularly forgetful
Regularly has difficulty following through on things
Difficulty on focusing on one task
Difficulty paying attention, misses details
Frequently daydreaming

Many children that do not have ADHD will present with some of these symptoms from time to time. To be diagnosed these symptoms must persist for at least 6 months in children that are 12 years old or younger and should be creating a problems for the child in social or academic settings.

Causes of ADHD

The exact cause of ADHD is not known although there is ongoing research to suggest that genetics play a roll. Like many other conditions, there are most likely a number of factors that could cause ADHD. Researchers are studying the effects of environmental factors, brain injuries, diet and social surroundings on people with ADHD.

Types of ADHD

Individuals with ADHD can have a predominance of certain symptoms depending on the type.

Type 1 ADHD

Those with predominantly inattentive-type display symptoms of being easily distracted and having poor attention span. Completing tasks and daydreaming are common complaints as well. This type is also commonly referred to as ADD or attention deficit disorder, however this is not an officially accepted term.

Type 2 ADHD

Hyperactive-impulsive type ADHD presents with symptoms of hyperactivity, restlessness, and fidgetiness.

A combined type also exists in which patients have a combination of symptoms from the previously mentioned varieties.

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