What is ADHD?
Attention deficit disorder (ADHD) is a condition characterized by a spectrum of symptoms that must manifest between the ages of 6 and 12 years. Also, in order for the diagnosis to be made, these symptoms must be present for at least 6 months.
Symptoms of ADHD
Symptoms of ADHD fall into 3 categories:
Children may present with the following symptoms:
Regularly fidgets or squirms
Not listening when spoken to
Often loses things
Interrupts conversations or games
Difficulty taking turns
Problems organizing tasks
Frequently fails to finish tasks
Regularly has difficulty following through on things
Difficulty on focusing on one task
Difficulty paying attention, misses details
Many children that do not have ADHD will present with some of these symptoms from time to time. To be diagnosed these symptoms must persist for at least 6 months in children that are 12 years old or younger and should be creating a problems for the child in social or academic settings.
The exact cause of ADHD is not known although there is ongoing research to suggest that genetics play a roll. Like many other conditions, there are most likely a number of factors that could cause ADHD. Researchers are studying the effects of environmental factors, brain injuries, diet and social surroundings on people with ADHD.
Individuals with ADHD can have a predominance of certain symptoms depending on the type.
Type 1 ADHD
Those with predominantly inattentive-type display symptoms of being easily distracted and having poor attention span. Completing tasks and daydreaming are common complaints as well. This type is also commonly referred to as ADD or attention deficit disorder, however this is not an officially accepted term.
Type 2 ADHD
Hyperactive-impulsive type ADHD presents with symptoms of hyperactivity, restlessness, and fidgetiness.
A combined type also exists in which patients have a combination of symptoms from the previously mentioned varieties.
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