Also known as hypercholesterolemia, high levels of cholesterol in the blood are associated with atherosclerosis, which is the deposition of cholesterol in blood vessels. Both good and bad cholesterol is present in our bodies and their functions differ with respect to fat deposition in vessels. Bad cholesterol deposits in vessels decreasing blood flow through while good cholesterol helps to remove those depositions. When one is diagnosed with high cholesterol, it means the bad variety has increased.
Causes of High Cholesterol
The causes can be dietary, lifestyle associated (NOT ENOUGH EXERCISE!!) and/or genetic.
Symptoms of High Cholesterol
Hypercholesterolemia is generally a silent condition however when it deposits in vessels, the organs which those vessels supply blood to can show symptoms. If vessels in the heart are affected than individuals can have a heart attack or angina, which is chest pain felt on exertion. Blood vessels of the brain being affected can lead to stroke, while those in the extremities can lead to pain or overt gangrene.
Treatment of High Cholesterol
Treatment of hypercholesterolemia first and foremost includes changing one's lifestyle. Exercise and healthy eating are a must to help prevent further damage to organs. In fact, making these changes can help to not only lower bad cholesterol but also increase the good variety. Furthermore, medications called Statins are also used. If organs such as the heart or brain are severely affected, surgery may be required.
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