Migraines are a form of headache that typically occur with other neurological symptoms.
1. Headaches occur on one side of the head
2. Sensitivity to light and noise
3. Nausea and vomiting
There are several phases to a migraine, but not all phases may be seen in many patients.
First Phase: Podromal
3. Muscle pain
This can occur hours or days before the actual headache begins.
Second Phase: Aura
Which is an abnormal sensation that is felt or seen (flashing lights) that signifies a headache is about to start.
Third Phase: Pain
Classically seen as a one-sided headache that is throbbing in nature.
Fourth Phase: Postdromal
When the headache is over certain feelings can last for a few days such as tiredness, difficulty thinking, and soreness.
Causes of Migraines
Why some people get migraines is not known, but is thought to be due to environmental and genetic factors. In fact, the majority of people who suffer from these headaches have someone else in the family who does as well. It’s important to note that some people report triggers that can initiate an attack such as certain foods.
Treatment of Migraines
Treatment of migraines involves preventing attacks and treating those that have already started. Various medications, both over the counter and prescription, can be used to accomplish these goals.
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