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Osteoporosis
Overview

Osteoporosis is a condition of the bones characterized by a decrease in bone density; the lower the density, the higher the risk of fracture. Bones that are less dense are weaker and can break even with minimal trauma. The weakness and fractures can also affect the shape of the bone causing individuals to have a hunched posture.

There are a few different types of osteoporosis, but the most common variety affects women typically after menopause. The condition is silent and causes no or minimal symptoms until a fracture occurs.
For this reason, it’s recommended that women get a DEXA scan (determines bone density) after menopause. Estrogen levels drop significantly after menopause and this is thought to affect bone metabolism and mineralization, which causes osteoporosis.
Prevention of osteoporosis involves addressing any risk factors if they are present. Certain lifestyle choices increase the risk of developing the condition.

Avoid

1.Smoking
2. Excessive alcohol consumption
3. Decreased weight
4. Lack of exercise

Once a fracture occurs certain medications can be used to help prevent more breaks from occurring. The science is still not in whether supplementation with vitamin D and calcium can aid in doing the same.

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